Linux "groupmod" Command Line Options and Examples
modify a group definition on the system
The groupmod command modifies the definition of the specified GROUP by modifying the appropriate entry in the group database..
groupmod [options] GROUP
Command Line Options:
The group ID of the given GROUP will be changed to GID.The value of GID must be a non-negative decimal integer. This value must be unique, unless the -o option is used.Users who use the group as primary group will be updated to keep the group as their primary group.Any files that have the old group ID and must continue to belong to GROUP, must have their group ID changed manually.No checks will be performed with regard to the GID_MIN, GID_MAX, SYS_GID_MIN, or SYS_GID_MAX from /etc/login.defs.
groupmod -g ...
Display help message and exit.
groupmod -h ...
The name of the group will be changed from GROUP to NEW_GROUP name.
groupmod -n ...
When used with the -g option, allow to change the group GID to a non-unique value.
groupmod -o ...
The encrypted password, as returned by crypt(3).Note: This option is not recommended because the password (or encrypted password) will be visible by users listing the processes.You should make sure the password respects the system's password policy.
groupmod -p ...
Apply changes in the CHROOT_DIR directory and use the configuration files from the CHROOT_DIR directory.CONFIGURATIONThe following configuration variables in /etc/login.defs change the behavior of this tool:MAX_MEMBERS_PER_GROUP (number)Maximum members per group entry. When the maximum is reached, a new group entry (line) is started in /etc/group (with the samename, same password, and same GID).The default value is 0, meaning that there are no limits in the number of members in a group.This feature (split group) permits to limit the length of lines in the group file. This is useful to make sure that lines for NISgroups are not larger than 1024 characters.If you need to enforce such limit, you can use 25.Note: split groups may not be supported by all tools (even in the Shadow toolsuite). You should not use this variable unless youreally need it.FILES/etc/groupGroup account information./etc/gshadowSecure group account information./etc/login.defsShadow password suite configuration./etc/passwdUser account information.EXIT VALUESThe groupmod command exits with the following values:0success2invalid command syntax3invalid argument to option4specified group doesn't exist6specified group doesn't exist9group name already in use10can't update group file
groupmod -R ...